Word Formation

  • Verbos a Nombres

SUFIJO

EJEMPLOS

-al

Approve - approval, arrive – arrival, refuse – refusal, revive – revival, survive – survival

-ance

accept – acceptance, annoy – annoyance, appear – appearance, assist – assistance, disappear, - disappearance, perform, performance

-ation

Civilize – civilization, explain – explanation, found – foundation, imagine – imagination, organize – organization

-ing

Begin – beginning, feel – feeling, learn – learning, mean – meaning, swim – swimming

-ion

Create – creation, contribute – contribution, discuss – discussion, invent – invention, stimulate – stimulation, destroy – destruction

-ment

Argue – argument, arrange – arrangement, develop – development, excite – excitement, retire – retirement

Irregular

Behave – behavior, choose – choice, die – death, feed – food, live – life, marry – marriage, see – sight, sell - sale

    • Practice: Verbos a Nombres

 

-ment

    -ion

 

Verb

Noun

Verb

noun

Announce

Announcement

Discuss

Discussion

Arrange

 

Complete

 

Develop

 

Repeat

 

Amaze

 

Suspect

 

Excite

 

Oppose

 

 

Disappointment

 

Destruction

Embarrass

 

 

Contribution

Amuse

 

 

Decision

Treat

 

 

Satisfaction

 

Argument

 

Connection

 

Enjoyment

Permit

 

 

astonishment

Receive

 

 

 

Compare

 

 

 

interrupt

 


-ation

Admire

Admiration

Organize

 

Hesitate

 

Educate

 

 

Information

 

Qualification

 

Concentration

Vary

 

Apply

 

Pronounce

 

Explain

 

Cancel

 

Expect

 

form

 

    • Ahora prueba estos más difíciles:

Verb

Noun

Verb

noun

Arrive

Arrival

Prove

 

survive

 

 

Laughter

Approve

 

 

loss

Perform

 

 

Failure

Disappear

 

Please

 

Assist

 

Believe

 

Resist

 

Complain

 

Insist

 

 

Obedience

Prefer

 

Break

 

Persist

 

 

Signature

Die

 

succeed

 

 

  • Nombre a Adjetivo

SUFIJO

EJEMPLOS

-ful

Beauty – beautiful, color – colourful, help – helpful, pain – painful, stress – stressful

-less

End – endless, harm – harmless, help – helpless, hope – hopeless, use – useless

-able

Comfort - comfortable

    • Practice

Noun

Adjective

Noun

Adjective

Reason

 

Education

 

Impression

 

Child

 

History

 

Doubt

 

profit

 

 

 

  • Adjetivo a Adverbio

SUFIJO

EJEMPLOS

-ly

Different – differently, individual – individually, mental – mentally, silent – silently, slow – slowly, social – socially, angry – angrily, easy – easily, brave – bravely, safe – safely, true – truly, whole – wholly, due – duly,

-ally

Economic – economically, romantic – romantically

Irregular

Good – well, bad – badly, hard – hard/hardly, early – early, fast – fast, high – highly, late – late/lately, low - low

  • Adjectivo a Nombre
    • Practice

 

-ness

    -ity

 

Happy

Happiness

stupid

Stupidity

Clever

 

Popular

 

Mean

 

Original

 

Shy

 

Possible

 

Kind

 

Responsible

 

Polite

 

Equal

 

 

Coldness

 

Certainty

 

Selfishness

 

Reliability

Neat

 

 

Inferiority

Tidy

 

Superior

 

nervous

 

Probable

 

 

 

Necessary

 

 

 

Sincere

 

 

 

Mature

 

 

 

Pure

 

 

 

rare

 


-ence

Adjective

Noun

Violent

Violence

Patient

 

 

Confidence

intelligent

 

 

    •  Practice: Da un nombre para los siguientes adjetivos

Adjective

Noun

Adjective

Noun

elegant

 

Violent

 

Decent

 

Bored

 

Fluent

 

Wide

 

Free

 

High

 

Blind

 

Long

 

Lonely

 

Political

 

Weak

 

loud

 

Expected

 

 

 

  • Verbo a Adjetivo

Verb

Adjective

Verb

Adjective

Forget

 

Enjoy

 

VOCABULARY: Forming words with the suffixes -ment, -ance and -ence

English Grammar: Negative Prefixes - "un", "dis", "in", "im", "non"